Draft Comparative Defence Policy syllabus: US, Canada, NZ


Week 1 (9 January): Studying defence policy and politics

No readings

Week 2 (16 January): American defence in an historical perspective

 Amos A. Jordan Jr, et al. American National Security, 6th Edition (Baltimore: John Jopkins University Press, 2009), part 1.

Harvey Sapolsky, Eugene Goltz, and Catlin Talmage, US Defense Politics: The origins of security policy, 2nd Edition (New York: Routlege, 2014), chapter 2.

Charles Krauthammer, “The Unipolar Moment,” Foreign Affairs, vol. 70, no. 1 (1990).

Michael Beckley, “The Myth of Entangling Alliances: Reassessing the Security Risks of U.S. Defense Pacts,” International Security, vol. 39, no. 4 (2015).

Recommended readings

George C. Herring, From Colony to Superpower: U.S. Foreign Relations since 1776 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).

John Lewis Gaddis, The Cold War: A New History (New York: Penguin, 2006).


Week 3 (23 January): Institutions and the organization of American defence

Jordan, et al., American National Security, chapters 4-8

Sapolsky, et al., US Defense Politics, chapters 4, 8, 9.

Andrew Feickert, The Unified Command Plan and Combatant Commands: Background and Issues for Congress (Washington: Congressional Research Service, 3 January 2013)

Matthew C. Weed, The War Powers Resolution: Concepts and Practice, Congressional Research Service, April 2015.


Week 4 (30 January): Defence management in the United States

Jordan, et al., American National Security, chapters 9, 10

Sapolsky, et al., US Defense Politics, chapters 5-7.

Moshe Schwartz, Defense Acquisition Reform: Background, Analysis, and Issues for Congress, Congressional Research Service, May 2014.

Melvyn P. Leffler, “Defense on a diet: how budget crises have improved U.S. strategy,” Foreign Affairs (November-December 2013).

Cindy Williams, “Accepting Austerity: The right way to cut defense,” Foreign Affairs (November-December 2013).


Week 5 (6 February): America’s military posture and global obligations

Jordan, et al., American National Security, part IV.

Sapolsky, et al., US Defense Politics, chapter 3

Ronald O’Rourke, A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense –Issues for Congress, Congressional Research Service, June 2016.

United States, National Security Strategy, 2015.

United States, National Military Strategy, 2015.


Week 6 (13 February): Contemporary American defence debates

United States, Congressional Budget Office, Long-Term Implications of the 2015 Future Years Defense Program (Washington, D.C. November 2014).

Kathleen J. McInnis, Goldwater-Nichols at 30: Defense Reform and Issues for Congress, Congressional Research Service, June 2016.

Barry Posen, “Pull Back: The Case for a Less Activist Foreign Policy,” Foreign Affairs vol. 92, no. 1 (2013)

Andrew J. Bacevich, “Ending Endless War: A pragmatic military strategy,” Foreign Affairs, vol. 92, no. 1 (September-October 2016).

Mac Thornberry and Andrew F. Krepinevich Jr, “Preserving Primacy: A Defense Strategy for the New Administration,” Foreign Affairs (September-October 2016).

Stephen G. Brooks, G. John Ikenberry, and William C. Wohlforth, “Don’t come home, America: the Case against Retrenchment,” International Security, vol. 27, no. 3 (2012-2013).


Week 7 (27 February): Canadian defence in an historical perspective

R.J. Sutherland, “Canada’s Long-term Strategic Situation,” International Journal 17 (Summer 1962).

Joel J. Sokolsky, “A Seat at the Table: Canada and Its Alliances,” Armed Forces and Society 16 (1989).

Philippe Lagassé and Paul Robinson, “Reviving Realism in the Canadian Defence Debate,” Martello Paper No. 34 (Kingston: Queen’s Centre for International Relations, 2008), pp. 13-39.

Joseph T. Jockel and Joel J. Sokolsky, “Canada and NATO: Keeping Ottawa in, expenses down, criticism out…and the country secure,” International Journal vol. 64, no. 2 (2009).


Recommended readings

Brian W. Tomlin, Norman Hillmer, and Fen Osler Hampson, Canada’s International Policies: Agenda, Alternatives and Politics (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2008), pp. 101-154.

Joseph T. Jockel, No Boundaries Upstairs: Canada, the United States and the Origins of North American Air Defence, 1945-1948 (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1987).

Joseph T. Jockel, Canada and NORAD, 1957-2007: A History (Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2007).

Douglas L. Bland and Sean Maloney, Campaigns for International Stability: Canada’s Defence Policy at the Turn of the Century (Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2004).



 Week 8 (6 March): Institutions and the organization of Canadian defence

Major Alexander Bolt, “The Crown Prerogative as applied to Military Operations,” Office of the Judge Advocate General, Strategic Legal Paper Series, Issue 2 (2008)

Philippe Lagassé, P. “The constitutional politics of Parliament’s role in international policy,” in Adam Chapnick and Christopher Kukacha, eds. The Harper Era in Canadian Foreign Policy: Parliament, Politics, and Canada’s Global Posture, 2006-2015 (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2016).

Douglas Bland, “Hillier and the New Generation of Generals: The CDS, the Policy and the Troops,” Policy Options (March 2008).

Michael L. Roi and Gregory Smolynec, “Canadian civil-military relations: international leadership, military capacity, and overreach,” International Journal, vol. 65, no. 3 (2010).

Daniel Gosselin, “The unarmed servants of the state: the evolving role of civilians in national defence,” in Irina Goldenberg, Angela R. Febbraro, and Waylon H. Dean, eds. The Defence Team: Military and Civilian Partnership in the Canadian Armed Forces and Department of National Defence (Kingston: Canadian Defence Academy Press, 2015).


Recommended readings

Douglas L. Bland and Roy Rempel, “A Vigilant Parliament: Building Competence for Effective Parliamentary Oversight of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces,” Policy Matters, vol. 5, no. 1 (February 2004).

Stephen Saideman, Adapting in the Dust: Lessons learned from Canada’s War in Afghanistan, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016).


Week 9 (13 March): Defence procurement in Canada

Aaron Plamondon, Equipment Procurement in Canada and the Civil-Military Relationship: Past and Present, Calgary Papers in Military and Strategic Studies, Occasional Paper No. 2, 2008.

David Perry, Putting the ‘Armed’ back into the Canadian Armed Forces: Improving Defence Procurement in Canada, CDA Institute and Macdonald-Laurier Institute, 2015.

Office of the Auditor General of Canada, Spring 2012 Report, chapter 2.

Office of the Auditor General of Canada, Fall 2013 Report, chapter 3.

Recommended readings

Robert Michael Hartfiel, “Planning without Guidance: Canadian Defence Policy and Planning, 1993-2004,” Canadian Public Administration 53 (2010).

Kim Richard Nossal, Charlie Foxtrot: Fixing Defence Procurement in Canada (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2016).

Week 10 (20 March): Contemporary Canadian defence debates

Department of National, Defence Policy Review (2016).

Department of National Defence, Defence Policy Review, Summary of Roundtable Consultations, 2016.


House of Commons, Standing Committee on National Defence, Canada and the Defence of North America, 41st Parliament, 2nd Session, June 2015.

David Perry, “A Return to Realism: Canadian Defence Policy After the Great Recession,” Defence Studies vol. 13, no. 3 (2013).

 Recommended readings

Peter Jones and Philippe Lagassé, “Rhetoric versus Reality: Canadian defence planning in a time of austerity,” Defense & Security Analysis vol. 28, no.2 (2012).

James Fergusson and Francis Furtado, eds. Beyond Afghanistan: An International Security Agenda for Canada (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2016).


Week 11 (27 March): Defence politics in New Zealand

New Zealand Defence Force, Governance Structure


Peter Greener, Timing is Everything: The Politics and Processes of New Zealand Defence Acquisition Decision-Making (Canberra: ANU Press, 2009)

Recommended reading

 Derek Quigley, The War Against Defence Restructuring: A case study on changes leading to the current structure of New Zealand defence, Canberra Papers on Strategy & Defence No. 166 (Canberra: Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, ANU, 2006)


Week 12 (3 April): Defence innovation in New Zealand

Ministry of Defence, Defence White Paper 2016 (Wellington, 2016)

Ministry of Defence, Defence White Paper 2016: Public Consultation Summary of Submissions (Wellington, 2016)

Office of the Auditor-General, New Zealand Defence Force: Progress with the Defence Sustainability Initiative (Wellington, 2009)

New Zealand Defence Force and Ministry of Defence, Major Projects Report 2015, volume 1 (Wellington, 2016)


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