The Westminster System course readings

2 May 2016
Introduction to the course and the Westminster tradition

R.A.W Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller, Comparing Westminster (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), chapter 1.

4 May 2016
Origins of the Westminster system

Martin Loughlin, The British Constitution: A very short introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), chapters 1-3.

Canada, Privy Council Office, Responsibility in the Constitution (1995), parts I-III
http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/index.asp?lang=eng&page=information&sub=publications&doc=constitution/table-eng.htm

9 May 2016
The Crown

Sir William Wade, “The Crown, Ministers and Officials: Legal Status and Liability,” in Maurice Sunkin and Sebastian Payne, eds. The Nature of the Crown: A legal and political analysis (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Martin Loughlin, “The State, the Crown and the Law,” in Maurice Sunkin and Sebastian Payne, eds. The Nature of the Crown: A legal and political analysis (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

David E. Smith, The Invisible Crown: The First Principle of Canadian Government (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995), chapters 1-2.

Noel Cox, “The Theory of Sovereignty and the Importance of the Crown in the Realms of the Queen,” Oxford University Commonwealth Law Journal (Winter 2002)

11 May 2016
Ministerial responsibility, Cabinet government, and prime ministerial power

R.A.W Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller, Comparing Westminster (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), chapters 4-5.

Brian Galligan, “Executive Conventions,” in Brian Galligan and Scoot Brenton, eds. Constitutional Conventions in Westminster Systems: Controversies, changes and challenges (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Patrick Weller, “Cabinet government,” in Brian Galligan and Scoot Brenton, eds. Constitutional Conventions in Westminster Systems: Controversies, changes and challenges (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Canada, Privy Council Office, Open and Accountable Government (2015), part I and annex F
http://pm.gc.ca/eng/news/2015/11/27/open-and-accountable-government

16 May 2016
Government formation and caretaker conventions

United Kingdom, Cabinet Manual (2011), chapter 2.
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/60641/cabinet-manual.pdf

New Zealand, Cabinet Manual (2008), chapter 6
https://cabinetmanual.cabinetoffice.govt.nz/6

Canada, Guidelines on the Conduct of Ministers, Ministers of State, Exempt Staff and Public Servants during an Election (2015)
http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/index.asp?lang=eng&page=convention&doc=convention-eng.htm

Jennifer Menzies and Anne Tiernan, “Caretaker conventions,” in Brian Galligan and Scoot Brenton, eds. Constitutional Conventions in Westminster Systems: Controversies, changes and challenges (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).

18 May 2016
The civil service and bureaucratic independence

Robert Watt, “The Crown and its Employees,” in Maurice Sunkin and Sebastian Payne, eds. The Nature of the Crown: A legal and political analysis (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Lorne Sossin, “Speaking Truth to Power? The Search for Bureaucratic Independence in Canada,” University of Toronto Law Journal 55 (2005)
http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1911324

R.A.W Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller, Comparing Westminster (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), chapter 6.

25 May 2016
Parliament

Robert Rogers and Rhodri Walters, How Parliament Works, seventh edition (London: Routledge, 2015), chapter 4.

C.E.S Franks, The Parliament of Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987), chapter 2.

J.R. Nethercote, “Parliament,” in Brian Galligan and Scoot Brenton, eds. Constitutional Conventions in Westminster Systems: Controversies, changes and challenges (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).

R.A.W Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller, Comparing Westminster (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), chapter 7.

30 May 2016
Lower Houses and Parties

Gary W. Cox, The Efficient Secret: The Cabinet and the development of political parties in Victorian England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), part II.

C.E.S Franks, The Parliament of Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987), chapter 3.

David E. Smith, The People’s House of Commons: Theories of Democracy in Contention (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007), chapters 1, 2, 4.

Christopher J. Kam, Party Discipline and Parliamentary Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), chapter 3.

1 June 2016
Upper Houses

Campbell Sharman, “Upper houses,” in Brian Galligan and Scoot Brenton, eds. Constitutional Conventions in Westminster Systems: Controversies, changes and challenges (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Meg Russell, The Contemporary House of Lords: Westminster Bicameralism Revived (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013) chapter 2, 11.

David E. Smith, The Canadian Senate in a Bicameral Perspective (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003) chapters 1, 2, 8.

6 June 2016
Committees and parliamentary influence

Meg Russell and Philip Cowley, “The Policy Power of the Westminster Parliament: The “Parliamentary State” and the Empirical Evidence,” Governance 29 (2016): 121-137.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gove.12149/abstract

Meg Russell, Daniel Gover and Kristina Wollter, “Does the Executive Dominate the Westminster Legislative Process?: Six Reasons for Doubt,” Parliamentary Affairs 69 (2016): 286-308.
http://pa.oxfordjournals.org/content/69/2/286.full.pdf?ijkey=3chvb8AsuQWPAbE&keytype=ref

John Halligan and Richard Reid, “Conflict and Consensus in the Committees of the Australian Parliament,” Parliamentary Affairs 69 (2016): 230-248.
http://pa.oxfordjournals.org/content/69/2/230.long

Kelly Blidook, “Exploring the Role of ‘Legislators’ in Canada: Do Members of Parliament Influence Policy?” Journal of Legislative Studies 16 (2010): 32-56.
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13572330903541979

8 June 2016
Reform efforts

R.A.W Rhodes, John Wanna, and Patrick Weller, Comparing Westminster (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), chapter 8.

Andrew Blick, “Constitutional Reform,” in Brian Galligan and Scoot Brenton, eds. Constitutional Conventions in Westminster Systems: Controversies, changes and challenges (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Robert Hazell, “The United Kingdom,” in Brian Galligan and Scoot Brenton, eds. Constitutional Conventions in Westminster Systems: Controversies, changes and challenges (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).

13 June 2016
Electoral reform and coalition governments

Scott Brenton, “Minority and multi-party government,” in Brian Galligan and Scoot Brenton, eds. Constitutional Conventions in Westminster Systems: Controversies, changes and challenges (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Grant Duncan, “New Zealand,” in Brian Galligan and Scoot Brenton, eds. Constitutional Conventions in Westminster Systems: Controversies, changes and challenges (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Law Commission of Canada, Voting Counts: Electoral Reform for Canada (2004)
http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/J31-61-2004E.pdf

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